Make your tax-deductible gift and be a part of the cutting-edge research and care that’s changing medicine. Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this condition. Your therapist or licensed counselor can help you locate a self-help support group. You may also find support groups in your community or on the internet.

Medical providers may adjust dosages during treatment to ensure that those with a substance use disorder (SUD) have the best chance of achieving and maintaining recovery. The use of medications, in combination with counseling and behavioral therapies, to provide a “whole-patient” approach to the treatment of substance use disorders. Medications used are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and are clinically driven and tailored to meet each patient’s needs.


An individual will sometimes embark on a 6-to-12-month rehabilitation program in a dedicated facility. Following this, they may live in supervised housing while they readjust to managing finances and finding employment. Medication is not a standalone treatment for addiction and should accompany other management methods such as psychotherapy. A person might take medication on a continuous basis when recovering from a substance-related disorder and its related complications.

The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Contact a health care provider if you have questions about your health. Prescription opioids used for pain relief are generally safe when taken for a short time and as prescribed by your provider. If you see any incorrect information, please let the DMHA Certification and Licensure Department know at

Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) Treatment

Prevent children from accidentally taking medication by storing it out of reach. For more information, visit CDC’s Up and Away educational campaign. For information on how to dispose of medications in your house, refer to FDA’s information How to Safely Dispose of Unused or Expired Medicine or DEA’s drug disposal webpages. Focuses on behavioral tools designed to help a teen or young adult cope with the stresses and challenges of daily life and develop greater self-esteem in order to better manage their recovery.

  • Studies show that genetic factors are responsible for 40% to 60% of the vulnerability to any substance use disorder.
  • One 2018 study conducted in Massachusetts found use of methadone reduced overdose death rates by 59%, while buprenorphine reduced fatal drug deaths by 38%.
  • Dr. Ashish Bhatt, MD discusses the use of medications during addiction treatment, and how medically assisted treatment can help maintain sobriety.
  • In addition, program services are beginning to reflect new models of service.
  • This assessment would ascertain the nature and degree of the chemical abuse problem and determine whether there is a need for a referral for formal treatment.
  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), naloxone is one of a number of medications considered essential to a functioning health care system.

This website is using a security service to protect itself from online attacks. The action you just performed triggered the security solution. There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data. Research shows that mental illness may contribute to SUD, and SUD can contribute to the development of mental illness. Substances affect your brain, especially the reward center of your brain. Substance use disorder affects people of all ages, races, genders and socioeconomic levels.

A Brief Overview of the Chemical Dependence Field

Figuring out the type of care needed, getting your loved one into a program and getting it covered by insurance aren’t easy. These are transitional residences for adults 18 years and older in recovery. Homes usually have a small number of residents, can be peer-led or have a small professional staff, have clear and enforced rules about abstinence and a significant level of structure.

  • For an adult, a divorce, loss of a job or death of a loved one may increase the risk of substance use.
  • As a result, patients are able to handle stressful situations and various triggers that might cause another relapse.
  • Tobacco use disorder is the most common substance use disorder worldwide and in the United States.
  • This can create an unhealthy drive to seek more pleasure from the substance and less from more healthy experiences.

Addiction affects your whole life, including your relationships, career, health, and psychological well-being. Treatment success depends on developing a new way of living and addressing the reasons why you turned to drugs in the first place. For example, your drug dependency may have developed from a desire to manage pain or to cope with stress, in which case you’ll need to find a healthier way to relieve pain or to handle stressful situations.

Counseling and behavioral therapies

SUDs and other mental health conditions are caused by overlapping factors such as genetic vulnerabilities, issues with similar areas of your brain and environmental influences. For some substances, such as opioids, the withdrawal symptoms are so severe that they create significant motivation to continue using them. A person can have more than one substance use disorder at a time, such as alcohol use disorder and cocaine use disorder.

addiction treatment

Naloxone is used to prevent opioid overdose by reversing the toxic effects of the overdose. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), naloxone is one of a number of medications considered essential to a functioning health care system. Certain medications can also serve to manage prolonged withdrawal symptoms and support sobriety in some people. Different types of medications may be useful at different stages of treatment to help a patient stop abusing drugs, stay in treatment, and avoid relapse. While relapse is a normal part of recovery, for some drugs, it can be very dangerous—even deadly.

Residential treatment

These changes make it hard to stop taking the substance, even if you want to. If you or a loved one has substance use disorder, talk to a healthcare provider as soon as possible. A trained provider can help guide you to the treatment you need. Although there’s no cure for drug addiction, treatment options can help you overcome an addiction and stay drug-free.

What are the 4 areas of addiction?

  • Compulsion. Compulsion means that an individual has an absolute and overpowering urge to fuel their addiction.
  • Craving. The urge to fuel the addiction becomes as demanding as hunger pain, mimicking a physical need.
  • Consequences.
  • Control.

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